Word Definitions of the

Descriptive Analysis of the Front Page

Definitions and Words that would be used in an Appraisal Document to describe a Chippendale Mahogany armed dining room chair.


Crest Rail

Ornamental carving at the top of a chair back. Are often carved and can be scroll-shaped, arched, and or pierced.



Top corner of a chair frame.


Lancet arch

Design feature of the back of the chair between the crest rail and the shoe. A narrow and pointed arch favored as a Gothic Revival motif.


Pierced splat

Outside edge of the design including the lancet arch.



The upright of a frame or panel in furniture. Upright or post on a chair.



Four-cusped figures in architectural tracery. A stylized four-leafed flower contained in a circle. A four-leaved clover used in ornament.



The projection at the back of a seat rail of a chair designed to receive the bottom of the splat. Also the disk under the foot of a chair to prevent it damaging the carpet.


Slip Seat

Sitting surface made of several kinds of materials, cushions, weaving, or wood.



The bulging part of a cabriole leg, the knee of any leg of furniture.


Cabriole leg

The cabriole leg curves outward at the knee and tapers inward at the ankle in a reversed-S line. The word derives from the French ‘cabriole’ - a goat’s leap - and the cabriole leg resembles a goat’s leg. This style of leg reached England during the reign of William and Mary and remained in favor until the late 18th century. From the simple, early form with its curved shape and protruding knee, the cabriole became increasingly elaborate. Under the influence of Chippendale, it became heavily decorated with elaborate carving.



Carved foot in the form of a claw grasping a round ball. Often found at the end of a cabriole leg. More expensive feature than a pad foot. Introduced into England late 17th century. A character­istic of the Queen Anne and Chippendale period. Much favored by Chippendale. The claw-and-ball foot probably originated in China.